Situated in the southern region of Iran, Shiraz stands as the capital of the Fars province. Boasting a population of almost 2 million residents, it ranks as the nation's fifth-largest city. Notably, Shiraz holds a position of significance as one of Iran's historically enriched and progressive urban centers. It follows Tabriz and Tehran as the third city in Iran to establish a municipality. The roots of its name trace back to Elamite inscriptions and petroglyphs spanning nearly 2,000 years in history.
Nestled within the southern expanse of the Zagros mountain range, Shiraz enjoys a strategic and commercial prominence. Over the course of time, this city has served as a pivotal crossroads for trade routes bridging the Persian Gulf and Bandar Abbas to the north. Moreover, it has upheld its traditional role as a vibrant hub for local markets catering to the needs of nomads and villagers residing in the southern regions of Iran.
Shiraz garners distinction as a highly sought-after destination among tourists, both domestic and international. Within its confines, visitors are treated to a chronological journey through Iran's multifaceted history. From the illustrious era of the Achaemenids and the early Persian settlements to the epochs of Islam, including the Zandian era, and extending into the modern age, Shiraz presents a tapestry of historical periods.
The city's allure for tourists lies in its diverse and captivating range of attractions. Noteworthy among these are the ancient complexes that grace Shiraz, most notably Persepolis and Naghse Rostam. Additionally, the tombs of Saadi and Hafez, two esteemed Iranian poets who continue to resonate with the populace, form another integral facet of the city's charm.
Shiraz holds within its folds further historical treasures that predominantly hail from the era of Zandiyeh governance. During this period, the city stood as the focal point of their rule, resulting in the preservation of numerous Persian castles, bustling bazaars, and lush gardens that continue to echo the past.